A crematorium is a specialized facility designed for the process of Cremation, which involves reducing the body to ashes and bone fragments through the application of intense heat.
Crematoriums are equipped with specialized equipment and trained staff to conduct cremations in a respectful and regulated manner, and may have associated chapels or memorial gardens, where family and friends can gather to remember their loved ones.
Crematoriums offer an alternative to traditional Burial and are chosen for various reasons, including personal preferences, cultural and religious beliefs, environmental considerations, and practicality.
The choice of crematorium and funeral service provider should align with the preferences and needs of the deceased and their family.
The cremation process includes many steps including but not limited to:
Transportation to the Crematorium: After a death, a deceased person's body is typically transported to a crematorium by a funeral home or transport service. The body is placed in a transport cot or gurney, covered with a sheet or blanket, and secured for transport.
Identification and Verification: At the crematorium, the deceased's identity is verified to ensure that they are the correct person for cremation. This is done through documentation and labeling to prevent any errors.
Documentation: Detailed documentation is prepared, including the completion of legal forms and permits required for the cremation process. This paperwork ensures that the cremation is conducted in compliance with local laws and regulations.
Cremation Chambers: Crematoriums are equipped with one or more cremation chambers, also known as Retorts or cremation ovens. These chambers are designed to withstand high temperatures and are where the actual cremation process occurs.
Preparation Area: Prior to cremation, the deceased person's body is prepared. This includes placing the body in a suitable cremation container, often a simple wooden Casket or an alternative container. Any jewelry or personal items that the family wishes to keep are removed from the body and returned to the family.
Cremation Process: The cremation process involves placing the prepared body into the cremation chamber. Intense heat, generated by natural gas or propane flames, is applied to the chamber, raising the temperature to approximately 1,600 to 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit. The heat reduces the body to bone fragments and ashes, typically over the course of several hours.
Cooling and Processing: After the cremation process is complete, the ashes and bone fragments are carefully collected and allowed to cool. Once cooled, they are processed into a finer substance known as cremated Remains. This process may involve the use of a Cremulator, a machine that grinds the bone fragments into a fine powder.
Disposition Options: The cremated remains are placed in an Urn or container, which can be chosen by the Surviving Family. Families have various options for the final disposition of cremated remains, including keeping the urn at home, Burying it in a Cemetery, or Scattering the remains in a meaningful location.
Regulation and Oversight: Crematoriums are subject to regulatory oversight to ensure that cremations are conducted in accordance with local laws and regulations. This oversight helps maintain the dignity and proper handling of the deceased and ensures that the environmental and public health aspects of cremation are managed responsibly.
Also known as a Crematorium.