An annuitant is a person who holds or owns an Annuity, which is a financial product typically offered by Life Insurance companies. It is structured to provide regular payments to Beneficiaries after the death of the annuitant.
The annuitant's role is fundamental to the annuity's operation, and the annuitant's decisions can significantly impact the financial outcomes for themselves and their beneficiaries.
Important Here's what you need to know about the role of the annuitant:
Ownership of the Annuity: The annuitant is the person who owns the annuity contract. In most cases, the annuitant is also the individual whose life the annuity is based on for determining payout options and duration. However, there are instances where someone other than the annuitant may own the annuity, such as a family member or Trust.
Life-Based Calculations: Many annuities, especially those that provide periodic payments, are structured based on the annuitant's life expectancy and age. The annuitant's age at the time of purchasing the annuity can affect factors like the amount of periodic payments and the length of the annuity payout period.
Survivor and Joint Options: The annuitant will likely have the option to name a beneficiary, such as a Surviving spouse, or Heir who will continue to receive payments after the annuitant's death. These are known as survivor or joint annuity options.
Tax Considerations: The annuitant's age and life expectancy can also affect the taxation of annuity payments. In some cases, annuity payments received by an annuitant after reaching a certain age may be subject to more favorable tax treatment.
Death Benefit: The annuitant's passing triggers the annuity's death benefit provisions. Depending on the terms of the annuity contract, a beneficiary designated by the annuitant may receive a death benefit, which can be a Lump Sum payment or a continuation of periodic payments.
Contract Decisions: The annuitant has the authority to make decisions related to the annuity contract, such as changing the beneficiary, electing payout options, and making decisions about how the annuity is structured.
Annuity Surrender: If the annuitant decides to surrender or terminate the annuity before it reaches the payout phase, they may incur surrender charges or penalties, depending on the terms of the contract.